Brazil derives its laws from Portuguese, German, Italian and French Civil law. Brazilian law can sometimes be confusing since the country has more than 181,000 unique laws. The Federal Constitution is the supreme law of the country and has been in force from October 21st, 1988. The Federal Constitution arranges the country into states, municipalities, and Federal District.
The country has 26 federate states all of which have powers to formulate their own laws and Constitutions. Their independence is however restricted by the dictates of the Federal Constitution. The autonomy of municipalities is also restricted since they follow the principles spelled out by the Constitution of the state where they belong, and those of the Federal Constitution. Federal District, on the other hand, mixes the functions of municipalities and federate states, and its constitution (Organic Law) must conform to the principle of the Federal Constitution.
Brazil is a home to more than 600,000 active lawyers. The country’s total number of lawyers is spread across its states with the State of São Paulo having the largest number of active lawyers followed by the State of Rio de Janeiro then the State of Minas Gerais.
Students are required to join a law school, and study the Course of Law for five years before graduating. Even after graduating, the student can’t practice yet; they must first pass the Bar examination. The Bar examination takes place throughout the country in March, August, and December. The Order of Attorneys of Brazil (OAB) which regulates the legal profession in the country unifies and organizes the Bar examination. The Bar examination is organized in two stages; the written test and the multiple choice test.
Mr. Ricardo is one of the co-founding partners of Leite, Tosto e Barros Advogados. Ricardo has been practicing in the business law sector for the past 22 years. He specializes in credit recovery, corporate restructuring, civil and commercial litigation, M&A, banking, electoral law, and international law.
Mr. Tosto has a solid education background having studied at the Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie and Fundação Armando Alvares Penteado (FAAP). Ricardo started his career in a small office in Brazil, and in just a few years he positioned his office among the top law firms in the country.